I have recently read an interesting article, in Learning & Leading with Technology, June/July 2013, titled “Australia’s Campfires, Caves, and Watering holes”, by Ann W. Davis and Kim Kappler-Hewitt. They recognise that our students want to engage, socialize, communicate and collaborate in ways that are meaningful to them. It follows that in our libraries and classrooms we need to be aware of the increasingly digital nature of our world, the ways in which our students are engaging with it and work to create learning spaces that reflect the world in which these students live. They have drawn from the work of David Thornburg in transforming learning spaces. This involved constructing spaces to support personalized and differentiated instruction. There are three archetypal learning spaces:
- The Campfire
- The Cave
- The Watering hole
The campfire, is a space where people gather to learn from an expert. It can be used for teacher to student and more importantly for peer to peer instruction.
Imagine gathering around the campfire, why do we enjoy this activity? We gather to listen to our stories and learn from our elders. Through this shared experience we learn and can go on to share this with other people face to face or, today, through technology and social media.
The watering hole is a space for shared culture. It is an informal area, where students can share in collaborative learning experiences.
Gathering at the waterhole was a relaxed social time where people gathered to exchange news while they collected the water, washed the clothes or went for a swim. Children of my era would do this not just down the creek but, as stated by Ann Davis, on the walk home after school or phone calls to school mates. Today the essence or purpose of these interactions has not changed, but the mode of operation has. Now students communicate online through social media. The watering hole has just changed position.
The cave is a private space, where students can find that much needed alone time useful for reflection on their learning or just to recharge. (a necessary space for those students with Aspergers).
The cave was one of my favourite places as a young student and I made sure I knew where the caves were in the Library. They were, and still are, the inviting and essential places necessary for students to reflect on the meaning of their studies. They enable students the time and space to make meaning of their learning and to set new goals for further learning. This place has a dual purpose, because it allows students to not only reflect on their learning, but to momentarily have a break from the demands of social engagement (which for children with Aspergers is extremely hard and draining work), enabling the child to return recharged, which leads to them to being able to engage, socialise and collaborate more effectively with their peers and teachers.
It can be challenging for students to reflect by themselves but some technology tools can inspire these students to do so. Student blogs can become a forum for students to record their personal reflections where their opinions are valued and they are encouraged to engage with the personal reflection process.
Since reading this article I have endeavoured to create some of these zones in my Library. I have found that the cave zones are always occupied. Students love them both during lessons for reflection and for recharge/relaxation time during breaks.
I have incorporated campfire spaces in two areas of the library, which the teachers and students have commented positively on. They are both being regularly utilized for learning and instruction experiences. One of the campfire spaces is easily converted into a watering hole and is proving to be very useful for whole class collaborative sessions. During Lunch on Thursday last week, a group of girls used this watering hole to practice a play they were doing for Media Arts. It was very interesting to stand in the background and watch as most of the other children visiting the library that day asked these girls if they could sit and watch the play! So these students got to practice in front of an impromptu audience (an amazing proof of the attraction of the watering hole).
I found the way in which they incorporated this Australian terminology, evoked a wonderful mental image and the sense of the spaces’ purpose was immediately engaging. I will continue to use these ideas to shape the leaning spaces within my library.